Radiotherapy Targeting Cancer Stem Cells “Awakens” Them to Induce Tumor Relapse and Metastasis in Oral Cancer

Researchers summarzse methods for the identification of oral CSCs and then focus on the characteristics of a CSC subpopulation induced by radiation, hereafter referred to as “awakened” CSCs, to highlight their response to radiotherapy and potential role in tumor recurrence and metastasis post-radiotherapy as well as potential therapeutics targeting CSCs.
[International Journal of Oral Science]
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Chronic Circadian Disruption Modulates Breast Cancer Stemness and Immune Microenvironment to Drive Metastasis in Mice

Investigators observed that circadian disruption significantly increased cancer-cell dissemination and lung metastasis. It also enhanced the stemness and tumor-initiating potential of tumor cells and created an immunosuppressive shift in the tumor microenvironment.
[Nature Communications]
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PharmaCyte Biotech Provides IND Submission Update for Pancreatic Cancer Clinical Trial

PharmaCyte Biotech, Inc. announced that it is closing the gap in completing its Investigational New Drug application (IND) for its planned clinical trial in locally advanced, inoperable, pancreatic cancer.
[PharmaCyte Biotech Inc.]
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Microglia Promote Glioblastoma via mTOR-Mediated Immunosuppression of the Tumor Microenvironment

Investigators showed that glioblastoma (GBM)‐initiating cells induced mTOR signaling in the microglia but not bone marrow‐derived macrophages in both in vitro and in vivo GBM mouse models.
[Embo Journal]
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BCALM (AC099524.1) Is a Human B Lymphocyte-Specific Long Noncoding RNA That Modulates B Cell Receptor–Mediated Calcium Signaling

lncRNA interactome, RNA immunoprecipitation, and coimmunoprecipitation studies identified BCR-mediated Ca+ signaling (BCALM)-interacting proteins in B cells, including phospholipase D 1, and kinase adaptor proteins AKAP9 and AKAP13.
[Journal of Immunology]
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Identification of Novel Genes Associated with Dysregulation of B Cells in Patients with Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome

The authors identified the molecular mechanism of dysregulation of B cell subpopulations of primary Sjögren’s syndrome at the transcriptome level.
[Arthritis Research & Therapy]
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Development of CAR-T Cell Therapies for Multiple Myeloma

Main challenges to CAR-T cell therapy will be highlighted as well as strategies to structurally improve the CAR-T cell product, and thereby its efficacy and safety.
[Leukemia]
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Virtual Lab Tours for Recruitment and Outreach

Virtual lab tours are not new, but they have never been as common as in-person lab tours. However, the pandemic has generated strong incentives for formerly in-person lab tours to go online.
[The Scientist]
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Trump to Suspend New Visas for Foreign Scholars

With a proclamation issued on Monday, US President Donald Trump extended and expanded immigration restrictions to limit the entry of foreign workers to the United States. The move set off ripples of alarm among scientists and drew fire from experts concerned about the future of US science.
[Nature News]
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Caudatin Isolated from Cynanchum auriculatum Inhibits Breast Cancer Stem Cell Formation via a GR/YAP Signaling

Caudatin inhibited breast cancer cell proliferation, mammosphere formation and tumor growth. Caudatin decreased the CD44+/CD24 and aldehyde dehydrogenase positive cell proportions and the levels of c-Myc, Oct4, Sox2, and CD44.
[Biomolecules]
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Prognostic Value of Circulating Tumor Cells Detected with the CellSearch System in Esophageal Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The authors demonstrated that circulating tumor cells positivity determined by the CellSearch system were correlated with the prognosis of esophageal carcinoma (EC) patients and might indicate a poor therapeutic response to chemotherapy in EC patients.
[BMC Cancer]
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