Gene Ontology (GO) analysis of far infrared radiation (FIR) up-regulated genes indicated that the pathways enriched in FIR-responsive endothelial colony forming cells were involved in cell viability, angiogenesis and transcription.
Scientists identified a critical role for NOTCH3 signaling in the differentiation of perivascular and sublining fibroblasts that expressed CD90. Using single-cell RNA sequencing and synovial tissue organoids, they found that NOTCH3 signaling drove both transcriptional and spatial gradients—emanating from vascular endothelial cells outwards—in fibroblasts.
Investigators demonstrated that mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) promoted vascular inflammation by regulating the expression of adhesion molecules ICAM1, VCAM1, and E-selectin in endothelial cells.
[Cell Death & Disease]
Scientists explored the inherent mechanism of lncRNA OIP5-AS1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the first place, qRT-PCR found that OIP5-AS1 and VEGFA expressions were significantly increased while miR-3163 was obviously reduced in HCC cells and tissues.
[Cancer Biology & Therapy]
Using acute myeloid leukemia (AML) mouse models, scientists showed AML blasts released inflammatory mediators that upregulated endothelial niche E-selectin expression.
Adverum Biotechnologies, Inc. announced that the first patient was dosed in Cohort 4 of the ongoing OPTIC Phase I clinical trial for ADVM-022 for the treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
[Adverum Biotechnologies, Inc.]
When reports emerged in late 2019 of an outbreak of a new coronavirus centred in Wuhan, China, researchers at the virological-analysis website Nextstrain were ready. The open-source project tracks the spread of viruses through genetic variations in the sequences that scientists find.
[Nature Technology Feature]