Tet2 and Tet3 in B Cells Are Required to Repress CD86 and Prevent Autoimmunity

The authors report that deficiency of ten–eleven translocation (Tet) DNA demethylase family members Tet2 and Tet3 in B cells led to hyperactivation of B and T cells, autoantibody production and lupus-like disease in mice.
[Nature Immunology]
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Evidence for a Role of RUNX1 as Recombinase Cofactor for TCRβ Rearrangements and Pathological Deletions in ETV6-RUNX1 ALL

Scientists employed a RUNX1 knock-out mouse model and demonstrate by deep TCRβ sequencing, immunostaining and chromatin immunoprecipitation that RUNX1 binds to the initiation site of TCRβ rearrangement and its homozygous inactivation induced severe structural changes of the rearranged TCRβ gene, whereas heterozygous inactivation had almost no impact.
[Scientific Reports]
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Generation of Knockout Rabbits with X-Linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (X-SCID) Using CRISPR/Cas9

X-SCID rabbits presented immunodeficient phenotypes including the loss of T and B cells and hypoplasia of the thymus.
[Scientific Reports]
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The Contribution from Interleukin-27 towards Rheumatoid Inflammation: Insights from Gene Expression

The authors assessed expression of genes encoding the heterodimeric IL-27 cytokine and constituent subunits of the Il-27 receptor in rheumatoid arthritis, including in extra-articular, subcutaneous rheumatoid nodules.
[Genes and Immunity]
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PD-L1 Expression by Dendritic Cells Is a Key Regulator of T-Cell Immunity in Cancer

Investigators demonstrated that dendritic cells represented a critical source of PD-L1, despite being vastly outnumbered by PD-L1+ macrophages.
[Nature Cancer]
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Macrophage Metabolic Reprogramming Presents a Therapeutic Target in Lupus Nephritis

Investigators found that human and mouse macrophages underwent a switch to glycolysis in response to IgG immune complex stimulation, mirroring macrophage metabolic changes in inflamed tissue in vivo. This metabolic reprogramming was required to generate a number of proinflammatory mediators, including IL-1β, and was dependent on mTOR and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α.
[Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America]
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Remote Allergen Exposure Elicits Eosinophil Infiltration into Allergen Nonexposed Mucosal Organs and Primes for Allergic Inflammation

Researchers investigated the impact of acute local allergen exposure on the frequency and phenotype of tissue eosinophils within remote mucosal organs.
[Mucosal Immunology]
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Protein Kinase C Theta Modulates PCMT1 through hnRNPL to Regulate FOXP3 Stability in Regulatory T Cells

Scientists explored how using a synthetic cell-penetrating peptide mimic for intracellular anti-protein kinase C theta delivery fine-tuned differentiation of induced regulatory T cells, through its differential effects on RNA processing.
[Molecular Therapy]
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Increasing Serotonin Bioavailability Alters Gene Expression in Peripheral Leukocytes and Lymphoid Tissues of Dairy Calves

Investigators established that bovine peripheral leukocytes express all known serotonin receptors, and can synthesize, uptake and degrade serotonin due to the expression of serotonin metabolism-related genes.
[Scientific Reports]
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Distribution of Nerve Fibers and Nerve-Immune Cell Association in Mouse Spleen Revealed by Immunofluorescent Staining

Scientists demonstrated extensive nerve fibers in all splenic compartments including the splenic nodules, periarteriolar lymphoid sheath, marginal zones, trabeculae, and red pulp; close associations of nerve fibers with blood vessels; and close associations of nerve fibers with various subsets of dendritic cells, macrophages, and lymphocytes
[Scientific Reports]
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Vagus Nerve Stimulation Even after Injury Ameliorates Cisplatin-Induced Nephropathy via Reducing Macrophage Infiltration

To explore the role of the spleen and splenic macrophages, key players in the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, splenectomy, and adoptive transfer of macrophages treated with the selective α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist GTS-21 were conducted.
[Scientific Reports]
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