Gremlin-1 Augments the Oestrogen-Related Receptor α Signalling through EGFR Activation: Implications for the Progression of Breast Cancer

Researchers found that GREM1 knockdown inhibited the proliferation of breast cancer cells and xenograft mammary tumour growth, while its overexpression enhanced their viability, growth and invasiveness. Oestrogen-related receptor α, an orphan nuclear hormone receptor, directly interacted with the GREM1 promoter and increased the expression of GREM1.
[British Journal of Cancer]
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Cancer Cell Invasion of Mammary Organoids with Basal‐In Phenotype

Investigators described mammary organoids with a basal‐in phenotype where the basement membrane was located on the interior surface of the organoid.
[Advanced Healthcare Materials]
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FGFR4 Regulates Tumor Subtype Differentiation in Luminal Breast Cancer and Metastatic Disease

Scientists identified a subset of luminal A primary breast tumors to give rise to HER2-enriched subtype metastases, but remained clinically HER2 negative. By testing the unique genetic and transcriptomic features of these cases, they developed the hypothesis that FGFR4 likely participated in this subtype switching.
[Journal of Clinical investigation]
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Gender Gap in Research Output Widens during Pandemic

A series of recent studies has demonstrated a significant drop in the productivity of female scientists, especially those early in their careers, relative to their male peers—and the gender gap is particularly pronounced for COVID-19 researchers.
[The Scientist]
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Graduate Programs Drop GRE after Online Version Raises Concerns about Fairness

Scores of academics have raised concerns about the equity of the online version of the test, arguing it disadvantages prospective students from rural and low-income backgrounds. “If I were … a student trying to take this exam, satisfying [the online testing] criteria would be extremely difficult for me,” says Emily Levesque, an assistant professor of astronomy at the University of Washington, Seattle.
[ScienceInsider]
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Exosomes Released by Breast Cancer Cells under Mild Hyperthermic Stress Possess Immunogenic Potential and Modulate Polarization In Vitro in Macrophages

Cytotoxicity of different hyperthermic temperatures and treatment durations were tested in normal murine macrophages and breast cancer cell lines.
[International Journal of Hyperthermia]
Sen, K., Sheppe, A. E. F., Singh, I., Hui, W. W., Edelmann, M. J., & Rinaldi, C. (2020). Exosomes released by breast cancer cells under mild hyperthermic stress possess immunogenic potential and modulate polarization in vitro in macrophages. International Journal of Hyperthermia, 37(1), 696–710. https://doi.org/10.1080/02656736.2020.1778800 Cite
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COVID-19 Cancels Charity Galas and Walks. Science Is Paying the Price

Foundations that fund biomedical research in the United States, the United Kingdom, and elsewhere are reporting record revenue drops because of the pandemic. One major factor: It has forced them to cancel key fundraising events, including glitzy galas, sponsored walks, Broadway partnerships, and more.
[ScienceInsider]
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Chronic Circadian Disruption Modulates Breast Cancer Stemness and Immune Microenvironment to Drive Metastasis in Mice

Investigators observed that circadian disruption significantly increased cancer-cell dissemination and lung metastasis. It also enhanced the stemness and tumor-initiating potential of tumor cells and created an immunosuppressive shift in the tumor microenvironment.
[Nature Communications]
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Virtual Lab Tours for Recruitment and Outreach

Virtual lab tours are not new, but they have never been as common as in-person lab tours. However, the pandemic has generated strong incentives for formerly in-person lab tours to go online.
[The Scientist]
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Trump to Suspend New Visas for Foreign Scholars

With a proclamation issued on Monday, US President Donald Trump extended and expanded immigration restrictions to limit the entry of foreign workers to the United States. The move set off ripples of alarm among scientists and drew fire from experts concerned about the future of US science.
[Nature News]
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Caudatin Isolated from Cynanchum auriculatum Inhibits Breast Cancer Stem Cell Formation via a GR/YAP Signaling

Caudatin inhibited breast cancer cell proliferation, mammosphere formation and tumor growth. Caudatin decreased the CD44+/CD24 and aldehyde dehydrogenase positive cell proportions and the levels of c-Myc, Oct4, Sox2, and CD44.
[Biomolecules]
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