Scientists used multicolor lineage-tracing models to confirm that the mature smooth muscle cell could give rise to a hyperproliferative cell which appeared to promote inflammation via elaboration of complement-dependent anaphylatoxins.
[Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America]
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Researchers described a type of muscle-derived stem cells termed MuStem cells that efficiently promoted repair of injured skeletal muscle. Enhanced survival rate, long-term engraftment, and participation in muscle fiber formation were reported, leading to persistent tissue remodeling and clinical benefits.
[Molecular Therapy-Methods & Clinical Development]
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Investigators found that protein and mRNA expression levels of PHF20 were decreased during myogenic differentiation in C2C12 cells.
[Cell Death & Differentiation]
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The authors found that rexinoid x receptor signaling associated with the distribution of myogenin at poised enhancers and a distinct E-box motif. They also found an association of myogenin with rexinoid-responsive gene expression and identified an epigenetic signature related to histone acetyltransferase p300.
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The authors focus on the mechanisms that regulate ryanodine receptor 2 (RYR2), the major sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-release channel in the heart, and how RYR2 becomes dysfunctional in heart failure and atrial fibrillation.
[Nature Reviews Cardiology]
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Scientists showed a significant enrichment of mitochondrial membrane proteins among proteins showing altered expression in Zbed6−/− myoblasts.
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Direct co-culture with postnatal cardiac fibroblasts increased cardiomyocyte binucleation, which could be inhibited by RGD peptide treatment.
In vitro cultures of synthetic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) showed decreased expression of contractile markers CNN1, αSMA and SM22α and an increase in synthetic marker S100A4 compared to contractile VSMCs.
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In human aortic smooth muscle cells, diphenylthiourea caused membrane hyperpolarization, mediated by activation of KATP and Kv7 potassium channels.
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The effects of dysregulated ladybird homeobox 2 antisense RNA 1 or ladybird homeobox 2 on vascular smooth muscle cell biological processes were surveyed via cell counting kit-8, methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium, terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling and caspase-3 activity assays.
[Biomedicine & PharmacoTherapy]
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The expression of LINC00261 was significantly down-regulated in myocardial tissues and H9C2 cells. Overexpression of LINC00261 improved cardiac function and reduced myocardium apoptosis.
[Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine]
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