Trump to Suspend New Visas for Foreign Scholars

With a proclamation issued on Monday, US President Donald Trump extended and expanded immigration restrictions to limit the entry of foreign workers to the United States. The move set off ripples of alarm among scientists and drew fire from experts concerned about the future of US science.
[Nature News]
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Vagus Nerve Stimulation Even after Injury Ameliorates Cisplatin-Induced Nephropathy via Reducing Macrophage Infiltration

To explore the role of the spleen and splenic macrophages, key players in the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, splenectomy, and adoptive transfer of macrophages treated with the selective α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist GTS-21 were conducted.
[Scientific Reports]
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The Pericyte Connectome: Spatial Precision of Neurovascular Coupling Is Driven by Selective Connectivity Maps of Pericytes and Endothelial Cells and Is Disrupted in Diabetes

Pericytes connected predominantly to other neighboring pericytes and endothelial cells, and less to arteriolar smooth muscle cells, and not to surrounding neurons or glia.
[Cell Discovery]
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In Vitro Differentiated Human Stem Cell-Derived Neurons Reproduce Synaptic Synchronicity Arising during Neurodevelopment

Scientists generated human iPSC-derived neurons exhibiting spontaneous oscillatory activity after cultivation of up to six months, which resembled early oscillations observed in rodent neurons. This behavior was found in neurons generated using a more “native” embryoid body protocol, in contrast to a “fast” protocol based on NGN2 overexpression.
[Stem Cell Reports]
Rosa, F., Dhingra, A., Uysal, B., Mendis, G. D. C., Loeffler, H., Elsen, G., Mueller, S., Schwarz, N., Castillo-Lizardo, M., Cuddy, C., Becker, F., Heutink, P., Reid, C. A., Petrou, S., Lerche, H., & Maljevic, S. (2020). In Vitro Differentiated Human Stem Cell-Derived Neurons Reproduce Synaptic Synchronicity Arising during Neurodevelopment. Stem Cell Reports, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stemcr.2020.05.015 Cite
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Hypoxia-Preconditioned Placenta-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Rescue Optic Nerve Axons via Differential Roles of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in an Optic Nerve Compression Animal Model

Scientists established a hypoxia-preconditioned strain using a hypoxic chamber. The human placenta–derived stem cells were exposed to short-term hypoxic conditions of 2.2% O2 and 5.5% CO2.
[Molecular Neurobiology]
Kwon, H., Park, M., Nepali, S., & Lew, H. (2020). Hypoxia-Preconditioned Placenta-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Rescue Optic Nerve Axons Via Differential Roles of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in an Optic Nerve Compression Animal Model. Molecular Neurobiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12035-020-01965-8 Cite
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Cross Talk between Mesenchymal and Glioblastoma Stem Cells: Communication beyond Controversies

The authors discuss recent findings on the complex nature of MSCs, focusing on their elusive impact on glioblastoma progression and aggressiveness by direct cell‐cell interaction and via secretome, also facing the perspectives and challenges in treatment strategies.
[Stem Cells Translational Medicine]
Bajetto, A., Thellung, S., Dellacasagrande, I., Pagano, A., Barbieri, F., & Florio, T. (n.d.). Cross talk between mesenchymal and glioblastoma stem cells: Communication beyond controversies. STEM CELLS Translational Medicine, n/a(n/a). https://doi.org/10.1002/sctm.20-0161 Cite
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Synaptic Vesicle Precursors and Lysosomes Are Transported by Different Mechanisms in the Axon of Mammalian Neurons

Researchers found that synaptic vesicle precursors and lysosomes were transported separately, but only lysosomes depended on BORC for axonal transport in the neurons.
[Cell Reports]
Pace, R. D., Britt, D. J., Mercurio, J., Foster, A. M., Djavaherian, L., Hoffmann, V., Abebe, D., & Bonifacino, J. S. (2020). Synaptic Vesicle Precursors and Lysosomes Are Transported by Different Mechanisms in the Axon of Mammalian Neurons. Cell Reports, 31(11). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2020.107775 Cite
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Transplanting Neural Progenitor Cells to Restore Connectivity after Spinal Cord Injury

The authors focus on the use of neural progenitor cells obtained or derived from different sources to promote connectivity in sensory, motor and autonomic systems.
[Nature Reviews Neuroscience]
Fischer, I., Dulin, J. N., & Lane, M. A. (2020). Transplanting neural progenitor cells to restore connectivity after spinal cord injury. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41583-020-0314-2 Cite
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CNS Announces the FDA has Granted Orphan Drug Designation for Brain Cancer Drug Berubicin

CNS Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced that the FDA has granted Orphan Drug Designation for its lead product Berubicin for the treatment of malignant gliomas.
[CNS Pharmaceuticals, Inc.]
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Sunovion Announces Health Canada Approval of KYNMOBI (Apomorphine Hydrochloride) Soluble Film for the Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease OFF Episodes

Sunovion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced that Health Canada has approved apomorphine HCI soluble film for the acute, intermittent treatment of OFF episodes in patients with Parkinson’s disease.
[Sunovion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.]
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Neurons That Regulate Mouse Torpor

Scientists showed that entry into mouse torpor, a fasting-induced state with a greatly decreased metabolic rate and a body temperature as low as 20 °C, was regulated by neurons in the medial and lateral preoptic area of the hypothalamus.
[Nature]
Hrvatin, S., Sun, S., Wilcox, O. F., Yao, H., Lavin-Peter, A. J., Cicconet, M., Assad, E. G., Palmer, M. E., Aronson, S., Banks, A. S., Griffith, E. C., & Greenberg, M. E. (2020). Neurons that regulate mouse torpor. Nature, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2387-5 Cite
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