Cancer Stem Cell News Volume 4.26 | Jul 15 2015


    Cancer Stem Cell News 4.26 July 15, 2015

    Cancer Stem Cell News

         In this issue: Publications | Reviews | Industry News | Policy News | Events | Jobs
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    Epigenetic Driver of Glioblastoma Provides New Therapeutic Target
    Researchers report that an enzyme known as lysine-specific demethylase 1 turns off genes required to maintain cancer stem cell properties in glioblastoma, a highly aggressive form of brain cancer. This epigenetic activity helps explain how glioblastoma can resist treatment. [Press release from University of California, San Diego discussing online prepublication in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA]
    Press Release
    | Abstract
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    PUBLICATIONS (Ranked by impact factor of the journal)
    Microenvironment Modulated Metastatic CD133+/CXCR4+/EpCAM Lung Cancer Initiating Cells Sustain Tumor Dissemination and Correlate with Poor Prognosis
    Investigators showed that CD133+/CXCR4+ cancer initiating cells directly isolated from patient-derived xenografts of non-small cell lung cancer are endowed with superior ability to seed and initiate metastasis at distant organs. [Cancer Res] Abstract | Full Article

    Pyrvinium Targets CD133 in Human Glioblastoma Brain Tumor-Initiating Cells
    Using gain/loss-of-function studies for CD133, researchers assessed the in vitro self-renewal and in vivo tumor formation capabilities of patient-derived glioblastoma cells. [Clin Cancer Res] Abstract

    Dysregulated Protease Activated Receptor 1 (PAR1) Promotes Metastatic Phenotype in Breast Cancer through HMGA2
    PAR1 expression increased spheroid formation and the level of stemness markers and self-renewal capacity in human breast cancer cells. They also identified HMGA2 (high mobility group A2) as an important regulator of PAR1-mediated invasion. [Oncogene] Abstract

    Drug Transporter-Mediated Protection of Cancer Stem Cells from Ionophore Antibiotics
    Researchers applied chemosensitivity testing of well-characterized human cancer cell lines to elaborate on whether drug transporters are involved in protection from the cytotoxic effects of the ionophore antibiotics salinomycin and nigericin. They demonstrated that ionophore antibiotics were ineffective against both stem-like ovarian cancer side population cells and K562/Dox-H1 cells. [Stem Cells Transl Med] Abstract

    CAR-Engineered NK Cells Targeting Wild-Type EGFR and EGFRvIII Enhance Killing of Glioblastoma and Patient-Derived Glioblastoma Stem Cells
    The authors explored whether both wild-type EGFR and EGFRvIII can be effectively targeted by chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-redirected natural killer (NK) cells to treat glioblastoma. [Sci Rep] Full Article

    The Senescent Microenvironment Promotes the Emergence of Heterogeneous Cancer Stem-Like Cells
    Researchers showed that post-crisis cells are not able to form tumors unless a senescent microenvironment is provided. They also demonstrated that explanted cells, while displaying differences in cell differentiation markers, are all endowed with enhanced stem cell properties including self-renewal and multilineage differentiation capacity. [Carcinogenesis] Abstract

    Extracellular Matrix Properties Regulate the Migratory Response of Glioblastoma Stem Cells in 3D Culture
    Investigators developed a composite matrix of hyaluronan structurally supported by a collagen-oligomer fibril network to simulate the brain-tumor extracellular matrix (ECM) composition. This model was compared with the most commonly used in vitro three-dimensional (3D) culture formats, Matrigel and collagen type-I monomer matrices, to study how the mechanical and compositional properties of the ECM alter the migration characteristics of glioblastoma stem cell neurospheres. [Tissue Eng Part A] Abstract

    Temozolomide Sensitizes Stem-Like Cells of Glioma Spheres to TRAIL-Induced Apoptosis via Upregulation of Casitas B-Lineage Lymphoma (c-Cbl) Protein
    Scientists investigated whether the widely used chemotherapeutic agent temozolomide can sensitize glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) from human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. GSCs were isolated from GBM, and stem cell properties were confirmed by immunocytochemistry and in vivo tumorigenicity. [Tumor Biol] Abstract

    Optimum 3D Matrix Stiffness for Maintenance of Cancer Stem Cells Is Dependent on Tissue Origin of Cancer Cells
    Scientists investigated the effect of cancer cells’ tissue origin on the optimum matrix stiffness for cancer stem cell growth and marker expression in a model polyethylene glycol diacrylate hydrogel without the interference of other factors in the microenvironment. [PLoS One] Full Article

    ROCK Inhibition Facilitates In Vitro Expansion of Glioblastoma Stem-Like Cells
    Researchers proposed the use of selective Rho-kinase (ROCK) inhibitors, Y-27632 and fasudil, to promote glioblastoma stem cell/brain tumor initiating cell-like cell survival and propagation in vitro. [PLoS One] Full Article

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    Cancer Stem Cells: A Challenging Paradigm for Designing Targeted Drug Therapies
    The authors examine the feasibility of leveraging current know-how of the molecular biology of cancer stem cells and their cellular milieu to design futuristic, targeted drugs with potentially lower toxicity that can override the multiple drug-resistance issues currently observed with existing therapeutics. [Drug Discov Today] Abstract

    Emerging Role of CD44 in Cancer Stem Cells: A Promising Biomarker and Therapeutic Target
    The authors summarize the current findings concerning the critical role of CD44/CD44v in the regulation of cancer stemness and the research status of CD44/CD44v as biomarkers and therapeutic targets in cancer. They also discuss the current challenges and future directions that may lead to the best use of CD44/CD44v for clinical applications. [Stem Cells Transl Med] Abstract

    Visit our reviews page to see a complete list of reviews in the cancer stem cell research field.

    UC San Diego and GSK Collaborate to Eradicate Cancer Stem Cells, Treat Leukemia
    Researchers at the University of California (UC), San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center are working with GSK on a bench-to-bedside project to treat leukemia and other diseases by eliminating cancer stem cells. [UC San Diego] Press Release

    Sorrento and NantBioScience Form Joint Venture to Develop Moonshot Program Targeted Small Molecule Therapies against Cancer
    Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc. and NantBioScience, Inc. announced that they have established a joint venture to focus on the development of ‘first-in-class’ small molecules against targets that have eluded the pharmaceutical industry to date and which may address important drivers of cancer growth including cancer stem cells. [Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc] Press Release

    Ludwig Cancer Research and University of Oxford Launch Cancer Immunotherapy Spinout
    Isis Innovation, the University of Oxford’s technology commercialization company, and Ludwig Cancer Research announced the launch of a new spinout company, iOx Therapeutics. iOx Therapeutics will develop a novel cancer immunotherapy discovered through a collaboration between Ludwig Cancer Research and Professor Vincenzo Cerundolo, the director of the MRC Human Immunology Unit within the University of Oxford’s Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine. [Ludwig Cancer Research] Press Release

    Cancer Research UK and Cancer Research Technology Announce Partnership with Monopar Therapeutics to Develop New Oncology Compound
    Cancer Research UK and Cancer Research Technology have reached agreement with Monopar Therapeutics LLC to take forward Monopar’s experimental antibody treatment HuATN-658 into clinical trials in cancer patients with advanced solid tumors. [Cancer Research UK ] Press Release

    FDA Grants Fast Track Designation to Tocagen’s Toca 511 & Toca FC for Treatment of Recurrent High Grade Glioma
    Tocagen Inc. announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Fast Track designation to its lead immuno-oncology product, Toca 511 & Toca FC, for the treatment of recurrent high grade glioma, which includes glioblastoma and anaplastic astrocytoma. [Tocagen Inc. ] Press Release

    Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center and John Theurer Cancer Center Launch Transformational Collaboration to Advance Cancer Research
    Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center and John Theurer Cancer Center, part of Hackensack University Medical Center, announced that they have developed a joint cancer research agenda as part of a multi-year plan to form a National Cancer Institute recognized cancer consortium. [Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center (PR Newswire Association LLC)] Press Release

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    NEW Cancer and Metabolism 2015
    September 28-30, 2015
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    Visit our events page to see a complete list of events in the cancer stem cell community.

    NEW Postdoctoral Positions- Cancer Research (Rutgers University)

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    PhD Position – Anti-Cancer Nano-Particle Drug Testing: Cell Pathways and Cytotoxicity (University of Southern Denmark)

    Postdoctoral Research Associate – Breast Stem Cell Biology (University of Miami Miller School of Medicine)

    Postdoctoral Fellowships – Cancer Research (German Cancer Research Center)

    Postdoctoral Researcher – Tumor Immunology and Cancer Immunotherapy (University of California, Los Angeles)

    Postdoctoral Researcher – Cancer Immunotherapeutics (City of Hope)

    Professor – Cancer Stem Cells (Dalian Medical University)

    Research Technician (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center)

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