Enhancing Bone Regeneration and Immunomodulation via Gelatin Methacryloyl Hydrogel-Encapsulated Exosomes from Osteogenic Pre-differentiated Mesenchymal Stem Cells

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Scientists extracted exosomes from osteogenically pre-differentiated human bone marrow MSCs by ultracentrifugation and encapsulated them in gelatin methacryloyl hydrogel to construct a composite scaffold.
[Journal of Colloid and Interface Science]
Abstract