Gender Gap in Research Output Widens during Pandemic

A series of recent studies has demonstrated a significant drop in the productivity of female scientists, especially those early in their careers, relative to their male peers—and the gender gap is particularly pronounced for COVID-19 researchers.
[The Scientist]
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Graduate Programs Drop GRE after Online Version Raises Concerns about Fairness

Scores of academics have raised concerns about the equity of the online version of the test, arguing it disadvantages prospective students from rural and low-income backgrounds. “If I were … a student trying to take this exam, satisfying [the online testing] criteria would be extremely difficult for me,” says Emily Levesque, an assistant professor of astronomy at the University of Washington, Seattle.
[ScienceInsider]
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COVID-19 Cancels Charity Galas and Walks. Science Is Paying the Price

Foundations that fund biomedical research in the United States, the United Kingdom, and elsewhere are reporting record revenue drops because of the pandemic. One major factor: It has forced them to cancel key fundraising events, including glitzy galas, sponsored walks, Broadway partnerships, and more.
[ScienceInsider]
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Virtual Lab Tours for Recruitment and Outreach

Virtual lab tours are not new, but they have never been as common as in-person lab tours. However, the pandemic has generated strong incentives for formerly in-person lab tours to go online.
[The Scientist]
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Trump to Suspend New Visas for Foreign Scholars

With a proclamation issued on Monday, US President Donald Trump extended and expanded immigration restrictions to limit the entry of foreign workers to the United States. The move set off ripples of alarm among scientists and drew fire from experts concerned about the future of US science.
[Nature News]
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Altered RNA Splicing by Mutant p53 Activates Oncogenic RAS Signaling in Pancreatic Cancer

Mutant p53 increased expression of splicing regulator hnRNPK to promote inclusion of cytosine-rich exons within GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs), negative regulators of RAS family members.
[Cancer Cell]
Escobar-Hoyos, L. F., Penson, A., Kannan, R., Cho, H., Pan, C.-H., Singh, R. K., Apken, L. H., Hobbs, G. A., Luo, R., Lecomte, N., Babu, S., Pan, F. C., Alonso-Curbelo, D., Morris, J. P., Askan, G., Grbovic-Huezo, O., Ogrodowski, P., Bermeo, J., Saglimbeni, J., … Leach, S. D. (2020). Altered RNA Splicing by Mutant p53 Activates Oncogenic RAS Signaling in Pancreatic Cancer. Cancer Cell, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccell.2020.05.010 Cite
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A Human Pluripotent Stem Cell-based Platform to Study SARS-CoV-2 Tropism and Model Virus Infection in Human Cells and Organoids

Researchers found that human pancreatic beta cells and liver organoids were highly permissive to SARS-CoV-2 infection, further validated using adult primary human islets and adult hepatocyte and cholangiocyte organoids
[Cell Stem Cell]
Yang, L., Han, Y., Nilsson-Payant, B. E., Gupta, V., Wang, P., Duan, X., Tang, X., Zhu, J., Zhao, Z., Jaffré, F., Zhang, T., Kim, T. W., Harschnitz, O., Redmond, D., Houghton, S., Liu, C., Naji, A., Ciceri, G., Guttikonda, S., … Chen, S. (2020). A Human Pluripotent Stem Cell-based Platform to Study SARS-CoV-2 Tropism and Model Virus Infection in Human Cells and Organoids. Cell Stem Cell, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stem.2020.06.015 Cite
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Multiple Low Dose Therapy as an Effective Strategy to Treat EGFR Inhibitor-Resistant NSCLC Tumors

The authors showed that as little as 20% of the individual effective drug doses was sufficient to completely block MAPK signaling and proliferation when used in 3D or 4D inhibitor combinations.
[Nature Communications]
Fernandes Neto, J. M., Nadal, E., Bosdriesz, E., Ooft, S. N., Farre, L., McLean, C., Klarenbeek, S., Jurgens, A., Hagen, H., Wang, L., Felip, E., Martinez-Marti, A., Vidal, A., Voest, E., Wessels, L. F. A., van Tellingen, O., Villanueva, A., & Bernards, R. (2020). Multiple low dose therapy as an effective strategy to treat EGFR inhibitor-resistant NSCLC tumours. Nature Communications, 11(1), 3157. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16952-9 Cite
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Glucagon like Peptide-2 for Intestinal Stem Cell and Paneth Cell Repair during Graft-Versus-Host Disease in Mice and Humans

Investigators found that L-cells were a target of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and that glucagon-like-peptide-2-based treatment of acute GVHD restored intestinal homeostasis via an increase of intestinal stem cells and paneth cells without impairing graft-versus-leukemia effects.
[Blood]
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Lineage Reversion Drives WNT Independence in Intestinal Cancer

Scientists showed that while WNT suppression blocked tumor growth in most organoid and in vivo colorectal cancer (CRC) models, the accumulation of CRC-associated genetic alterations enabled drug resistance and WNT-independent growth.
[Cancer Discovery]
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Multicellular 3D Neurovascular Unit Model for Assessing Hypoxia and Neuroinflammation Induced Blood-Brain Barrier Dysfunction

Scientists employed a multicellular 3D neurovascular unit organoid containing human brain microvascular endothelial cells, pericytes, astrocytes, microglia, oligodendrocytes and neurons to model the effects of hypoxia and neuroinflammation on blood-brain barrier function.
[Scientific Reports]
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