Researchers found that selective antagonists of 5-HT5A reduced the frequency of tumorsphere initiating cells residing in breast tumor cell lines and those of patient-derived xenografts that they established.
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Gwynne, W. D., Shakeel, M. S., Girgis-Gabardo, A., Kim, K. H., Ford, E., Dvorkin-Gheva, A., Aarts, C., Isaac, M., Al-awar, R., & Hassell, J. A. (2020). Antagonists of the serotonin receptor 5A target human breast tumor initiating cells. BMC Cancer, 20(1), 724. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-07193-6 Cite
Investigators showed that berberine administration markedly ameliorated intralipid-induced insulin resistance without affecting blood glucose. They used human skeletal muscle cells, hepatocytes, human umbilical vein endothelial cells, and CypD knockout mice to investigate metabolic and molecular alternations.
[Acta Pharmacologica Sinica]
Keeping the surface availability of the biliary transporter Mrp2 is a cell biological process that may underlie the observation that PI3Kγ loss-of-function protects from hepatic excretory dysfunction during early sepsis
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Beer, A. J., Hertz, D., Seemann, E., Beretta, M., Westermann, M., Bauer, R., Bauer, M., Kessels, M. M., & Qualmann, B. (2020). Reduced Mrp2 surface availability as PI3Kγ-mediated hepatocytic dysfunction reflecting a hallmark of cholestasis in sepsis. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 13110. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-69901-3 Cite
Scientists found that deletion of Erk1/2 in intestinal epithelial cells at embryonic stages resulted in an unexpected increase in cell proliferation and migration, expansion of intestinal stem cells and formation of polyp-like structures, leading to postnatal death.
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ERK/MAPK signaling is essential for intestinal development through Wnt pathway modulation | Development. (n.d.). Retrieved August 7, 2020, from https://dev.biologists.org/content/early/2020/07/30/dev.185678 Cite
Scientists showed that berberine administration markedly ameliorated intralipid-induced insulin without affecting blood glucose, which was accompanied by alleviated mitochondrial swelling in skeletal muscle. They used human skeletal muscle cells, AML12 hepatocytes, HUVECs, and CypD knockout mice to investigate metabolic and molecular alternations.
[Acta Pharmacologica Sinica]
Scientists determined the effects of grape antioxidants quercetin and/or resveratrol against prostate cancer in the transgenic adenocarcinoma of mouse prostate (TRAMP)-model in prevention and intervention settings.
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The authors demonstrated that polydatin repressed cell proliferation, migration, invasion and stemness and promoted apoptosis in glioblastoma multiforme cells.
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Chen, Y., Niu, J., Li, L., Li, Z., Jiang, J., Zhu, M., Dong, T., Zhang, J., Shi, C., Xu, P., Lu, Y., Jiang, Y., Liu, P., & Chen, W. (2020). Polydatin executes anticancer effects against glioblastoma multiforme by inhibiting the EGFR-AKT/ERK1/2/STAT3-SOX2/Snail signaling pathway. Life Sciences, 118158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2020.118158 Cite
Investigators showed that the protein kinase D inhibitor CID755673 was able to maintain the undifferentiated state of mouse ESCs in combination with the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitor.
Scientists revealed an important role for EGFR–AKT–FOXO1–KLF6–E-cadherin axis in mutant p53-induced cell migration and tumor metastasis.
[Cell Death & Disease]
Smurf1 promotes cell growth and colony formation by accelerating cell cycle and aberrant signaling pathways. In addition, the authors showed that Smurf1 ubiquitylates and degrades phosphatase and tensin homolog.
Investigators demonstrated that progesterone receptor membrane component 1 played a prominent role in regulating the growth of cancer cells by altering the PI3K/AKT/mTOR and EGFR signalling mechanisms in both ER-positive and TNBC cells.
[British Journal of Cancer]
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The authors found that breast cancer cells acquired alkaline phosphatase enzyme activity via placental alkaline phosphatase expression and suggested that breast calcification formation was closely associated with the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway.
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