Transient Exposure to miR-203 Enhances the Differentiation Capacity of Established Pluripotent Stem Cells

Researchers showed that transient exposure to a single microRNA, expressed at early stages during normal development, improved the differentiation capacity of already‐established murine and human PSCs.
[EMBO Journal]
Salazar-Roa, M., Trakala, M., Álvarez-Fernández, M., Valdés-Mora, F., Zhong, C., Muñoz, J., Yu, Y., Peters, T. J., Graña-Castro, O., Serrano, R., Zapatero-Solana, E., Abad, M., Bueno, M. J., de Cedrón, M. G., Fernández-Piqueras, J., Serrano, M., Blasco, M. A., Wang, D.-Z., Clark, S. J., … Malumbres, M. (2020). Transient exposure to miR-203 enhances the differentiation capacity of established pluripotent stem cells. The EMBO Journal, n/a(n/a), e104324. https://doi.org/10.15252/embj.2019104324 Cite
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Human iPSC-Derived Cardiomyocytes Are Susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 Infection

Investigators utilized human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes as a model to examine the mechanisms of cardiomyocyte-specific infection by SARS-CoV-2.
[Cell Reports Medicine]
Sharma, A., Garcia, G., Wang, Y., Plummer, J. T., Morizono, K., Arumugaswami, V., & Svendsen, C. N. (2020). Human iPSC-Derived Cardiomyocytes , are Susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 Infection. Cell Reports Medicine, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xcrm.2020.100052 Cite
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TFAP2C Facilitates Somatic Cell Reprogramming by Inhibiting c-Myc-Dependent Apoptosis and Promoting Mesenchymal-to-Epithelial Transition

Scientists demonstrated Tfap2c was induced during the generation of iPSCs from mouse fibroblasts and acted as a facilitator for iPSCs formation. Mechanistically, the c-Myc-dependent apoptosis, a roadblock to reprogramming, can be significantly mitigated by Tfap2c overexpression.
[Cell Death & Disease]
Wang, Y., Chen, S., Jiang, Q., Deng, J., Cheng, F., Lin, Y., Cheng, L., Ye, Y., Chen, X., Yao, Y., Zhang, X., Shi, G., Dai, L., Su, X., Peng, Y., & Deng, H. (2020). TFAP2C facilitates somatic cell reprogramming by inhibiting c-Myc -dependent apoptosis and promoting mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition. Cell Death & Disease, 11(6), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41419-020-2684-9 Cite
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Robust Detection of Undifferentiated iPSC among Differentiated Cells

Scientists presented a novel method for detecting residual undifferentiated iPSCs amongst directed differentiated cells of all three germ lineages. Marker genes, expressed specifically and highly in undifferentiated iPSC, were selected from single cell RNA sequence data to perform robust and sensitive detection of residual undifferentiated cells in differentiated cell products.
[Scientific Reports]
Sekine, K., Tsuzuki, S., Yasui, R., Kobayashi, T., Ikeda, K., Hamada, Y., Kanai, E., Camp, J. G., Treutlein, B., Ueno, Y., Okamoto, S., & Taniguchi, H. (2020). Robust detection of undifferentiated iPSC among differentiated cells. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 10293. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66845-6 Cite
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Cortical Neurons Derived from Human Pluripotent Stem Cells Lacking FMRP Display Altered Spontaneous Firing Patterns

Electrophysiological whole-cell voltage- and current-clamp recordings were performed on two control and three fragile X syndrome patient lines of human cortical neurons derived from iPSCs.
[Molecular Autism]
Cortical neurons derived from human pluripotent stem cells lacking FMRP display altered spontaneous firing patterns | Molecular Autism | Full Text. (n.d.). Retrieved June 23, 2020, from https://molecularautism.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13229-020-00351-4 Cite
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Genome Engineering of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells to Manufacture Natural Killer Cell Therapies

The authors highlight the current sources for natural killer (NK) therapies and their respective constraints, discuss recent developments in the manufacturing and genetic engineering of iPSC-NK cells, and provide an overview of ongoing clinical trials using NK cells.
[Stem Cell Research & Therapy]
Genome engineering of induced pluripotent stem cells to manufacture natural killer cell therapies | Stem Cell Research & Therapy | Full Text. (n.d.). Retrieved June 23, 2020, from https://stemcellres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13287-020-01741-4 Cite
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Century Therapeutics Announces Acquisition of Empirica Therapeutics

Century Therapeutics has announced its acquisition of Empirica Therapeutics to leverage its iPSC-derived allogeneic cell therapies against glioblastoma.
[Businesswire (Century Therapeutics)]
Century Therapeutics Announces Acquisition of Empirica Therapeutics. (2020, June 23). https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20200623005319/en/Century-Therapeutics-Announces-Acquisition-Empirica-Therapeutics Cite
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Signaling Inhibitors Accelerate the Conversion of Mouse iPS Cells into Cancer Stem Cells in the Tumor Microenvironment

Inhibition of Erk1/2, tyrosine kinase, and/or GSK-3β was implied to be involved in the enhancement of the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway in the undifferentiated cells, resulting in the sustained stemness, and subsequent conversion of mouse iPSCs into cancer stem cells in the tumor microenvironment.
[Scientific Reports]
Du, J., Xu, Y., Sasada, S., Oo, A. K. K., Hassan, G., Mahmud, H., Khayrani, A. C., Alam, M. J., Kumon, K., Uesaki, R., Afify, S. M., Mansour, H. M., Nair, N., Zahra, M. H., Seno, A., Okada, N., Chen, L., Yan, T., & Seno, M. (2020). Signaling Inhibitors Accelerate the Conversion of mouse iPS Cells into Cancer Stem Cells in the Tumor Microenvironment. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 9955. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66471-2 Cite
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In Vitro Differentiated Human Stem Cell-Derived Neurons Reproduce Synaptic Synchronicity Arising during Neurodevelopment

Scientists generated human iPSC-derived neurons exhibiting spontaneous oscillatory activity after cultivation of up to six months, which resembled early oscillations observed in rodent neurons. This behavior was found in neurons generated using a more “native” embryoid body protocol, in contrast to a “fast” protocol based on NGN2 overexpression.
[Stem Cell Reports]
Rosa, F., Dhingra, A., Uysal, B., Mendis, G. D. C., Loeffler, H., Elsen, G., Mueller, S., Schwarz, N., Castillo-Lizardo, M., Cuddy, C., Becker, F., Heutink, P., Reid, C. A., Petrou, S., Lerche, H., & Maljevic, S. (2020). In Vitro Differentiated Human Stem Cell-Derived Neurons Reproduce Synaptic Synchronicity Arising during Neurodevelopment. Stem Cell Reports, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stemcr.2020.05.015 Cite
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A Simple, Quick, and Efficient CRISPR/Cas9 Genome Editing Method for Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

The authors report an electroporation-mediated plasmid CRISPR/Cas9 delivery approach for genome editing in iPSCs. With this approach, an edited iPSC cell line could be obtained within two weeks.
[Acta Pharmacologica Sinica]
Geng, B., Choi, K.-H., Wang, S., Chen, P., Pan, X., Dong, N., Ko, J.-K., & Zhu, H. (2020). A simple, quick, and efficient CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing method for human induced pluripotent stem cells. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41401-020-0452-0 Cite
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Tooth Formation: Are the Hardest Tissues of the Human Body Hard to Regenerate?

Approaches for whole-tooth regeneration utilizing adult stem cells, iPSCs, or tooth germ cells transplantation are emerging as promising alternatives to overcome existing in vitro tissue generation hurdles. The authors discuss the most recent advances in cellular signaling guiding dental tissue genesis.
[International Journal of Molecular Sciences]
Baranova, J., Büchner, D., Götz, W., Schulze, M., & Tobiasch, E. (2020). Tooth Formation: Are the Hardest Tissues of Human Body Hard to Regenerate? International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21(11), 4031. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21114031 Cite
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