Subarachnoid Transplantation of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cell in Rodent Model with Subacute Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury: Preclinical Safety and Efficacy Study

The authors performed cellular, kinematic, physiological, and anatomical analyses, either in vitro or in vivo, to comprehensively evaluate the safety and efficacy associated with subarachnoid transplantation of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells in rats with subacute incomplete spinal cord injury.
[Experimental Cell Research]
Yang, Y., Cao, T.-T., Tian, Z.-M., Gao, H., Wen, H.-Q., Pang, M., He, W.-J., Wang, N.-X., Chen, Y.-Y., Wang, Y., Li, H., Lin, J.-W., Kang, Z., Li, M.-M., Liu, B., & Rong, L.-M. (2020). Subarachnoid transplantation of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell in rodent model with subacute incomplete spinal cord injury: Preclinical safety and efficacy study. Experimental Cell Research, 112184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2020.112184 Cite
Abstract

Continue reading “Subarachnoid Transplantation of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cell in Rodent Model with Subacute Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury: Preclinical Safety and Efficacy Study”

Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Claustral Neurons Projecting to Frontal Cortex Mediate Contextual Association of Reward

The authors identified a circuit involving dopamine-receptor expressing claustral neurons projecting to frontal cortex necessary for context association of reward.
[Current Biology]
Terem, A., Gonzales, B. J., Peretz-Rivlin, N., Ashwal-Fluss, R., Bleistein, N., Reus-Garcia, M. del M., Mukherjee, D., Groysman, M., & Citri, A. (2020). Claustral Neurons Projecting to Frontal Cortex Mediate Contextual Association of Reward. Current Biology, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2020.06.064 Cite
Full ArticleGraphical Abstract

Continue reading “Claustral Neurons Projecting to Frontal Cortex Mediate Contextual Association of Reward”

Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Zeta Inhibitory Peptide Attenuates Learning and Memory by Inducing NO-Mediated Downregulation of AMPA Receptor

Scientists found that zeta inhibitory peptide induced redistribution of the AMPARGluA1 in HEK293 cells and primary cortical neurons, and decreased AMPAR-mediated currents in the nucleus accumbens.
[Nature Communications]
Bingor, A., Haham, T., Thornton, C., Stern-Bach, Y., & Yaka, R. (2020). Zeta Inhibitory Peptide attenuates learning and memory by inducing NO-mediated downregulation of AMPA receptors. Nature Communications, 11(1), 3688. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-17484-y Cite
Full Article

Continue reading “Zeta Inhibitory Peptide Attenuates Learning and Memory by Inducing NO-Mediated Downregulation of AMPA Receptor”

Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Proteomics Analysis of FUS Mutant Human Motoneurons Reveals Altered Regulation of Cytoskeleton and Other ALS-Linked Proteins via 3′UTR Binding

By taking advantage of a human induced pluripotent stem cell-based model, scientists aimed to gain insights on the impact of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) mutant FUS on the motoneuron proteome.
[Scientific Reports]
Garone, M. G., Alfano, V., Salvatori, B., Braccia, C., Peruzzi, G., Colantoni, A., Bozzoni, I., Armirotti, A., & Rosa, A. (2020). Proteomics analysis of FUS mutant human motoneurons reveals altered regulation of cytoskeleton and other ALS-linked proteins via 3′UTR binding. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 11827. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68794-6 Cite
Full Article

Continue reading “Proteomics Analysis of FUS Mutant Human Motoneurons Reveals Altered Regulation of Cytoskeleton and Other ALS-Linked Proteins via 3′UTR Binding”

Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Maturational Changes in Mouse Cutaneous Touch and Piezo2-Mediated Mechanotransduction

The authors identified distinct transcript changes in individual Piezo2-expressing mechanosensitive dorsal root ganglia neurons by combining electrophysiology with single-cell RNA sequencing.
[Cell Reports]
Michel, N., Narayanan, P., Shomroni, O., & Schmidt, M. (2020). Maturational Changes in Mouse Cutaneous Touch and Piezo2-Mediated Mechanotransduction. Cell Reports, 32(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2020.107912 Cite
Full ArticleGraphical Abstract

Continue reading “Maturational Changes in Mouse Cutaneous Touch and Piezo2-Mediated Mechanotransduction”

Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Pro-Angiogenic Scaffold-Free Bio Three-Dimensional Conduit Developed from Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Promotes Peripheral Nerve Regeneration

Researchers investigated the efficacy and mechanism of the Bio 3D conduit composed of xeno-free human induced pluripotent stem cell–derived mesenchymal stem cells.
[Scientific Reports]
Mitsuzawa, S., Zhao, C., Ikeguchi, R., Aoyama, T., Kamiya, D., Ando, M., Takeuchi, H., Akieda, S., Nakayama, K., Matsuda, S., & Ikeya, M. (2020). Pro-angiogenic scaffold-free Bio three-dimensional conduit developed from human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells promotes peripheral nerve regeneration. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 12034. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68745-1 Cite
Full Article

Continue reading “Pro-Angiogenic Scaffold-Free Bio Three-Dimensional Conduit Developed from Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Promotes Peripheral Nerve Regeneration”

Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Feinstein Institutes Receives $15 Million NIH Grant to Study Brain Dysfunction in Lupus

The Feinstein Institutes for Medical Research has been awarded a $15 million grant to study brain dysfunction tied to lupus by the National Institutes of Health. Betty Diamond, MD, director of the Feinstein’s Institute of Molecular Medicine, will use the five-year grant to investigate the role of anti-N-methyl D-aspartate receptor.
[The Feinstein Institutes for Medical Research (Business Wire, Inc.)]
Press Release

Continue reading “Feinstein Institutes Receives $15 Million NIH Grant to Study Brain Dysfunction in Lupus”

Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Investigating Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Neurogenesis in Capitella Teleta Sheds Light on the Ancestor of Annelida

The authors characterized neural precursor cells and their daughters at different stages of neurogenesis in the spiralian annelid Capitella teleta.
[BMC Evolutionary Biology]
Sur, A., Renfro, A., Bergmann, P. J., & Meyer, N. P. (2020). Investigating cellular and molecular mechanisms of neurogenesis in Capitella teleta sheds light on the ancestor of Annelida. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 20(1), 84. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-020-01636-1 Cite
Full Article

Continue reading “Investigating Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Neurogenesis in Capitella Teleta Sheds Light on the Ancestor of Annelida”

Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Generation of Cerebral Cortical GABAergic Interneurons from Pluripotent Stem Cells

The authors discuss recent progress in understanding how interneuron subtypes are generated in vivo, and how that progress is being applied to the generation of rodent and human cortical interneurons in vitro.
[Stem Cells]
Fitzgerald, M., Sotuyo, N., Tischfield, D. J., & Anderson, S. A. (n.d.). Generation of cerebral cortical GABAergic interneurons from pluripotent stem cells. STEM CELLS, n/a(n/a). https://doi.org/10.1002/stem.3252 Cite
Abstract

Continue reading “Generation of Cerebral Cortical GABAergic Interneurons from Pluripotent Stem Cells”

Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Transamniotic Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy for Neural Tube Defects Preserves Neural Function through Lesion-Specific Engraftment and Regeneration

Researchers report that transamniotic bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell therapy for neural tube defects during early development may achieve beneficial functional recovery.
[Cell Death & Disease]
Full Article

Continue reading “Transamniotic Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy for Neural Tube Defects Preserves Neural Function through Lesion-Specific Engraftment and Regeneration”

Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Dextran-Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticle-Induced Nanotoxicity in Neuron Cultures

The authors examined the dose-dependent neurotoxicity of dextran-coated iron oxide nanoparticles on cultured primary neurons harvested from postnatal day 0-1 mouse brains.
[Scientific Reports]
Badman, R. P., Moore, S. L., Killian, J. L., Feng, T., Cleland, T. A., Hu, F., & Wang, M. D. (2020). Dextran-coated iron oxide nanoparticle-induced nanotoxicity in neuron cultures. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 11239. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67724-w Cite
Full Article

Continue reading “Dextran-Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticle-Induced Nanotoxicity in Neuron Cultures”

Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Microglia Phagocytose Myelin Sheaths to Modify Developmental Myelination

To determine whether microglia also prune myelin sheaths, scientists used zebrafish to visualize and manipulate interactions between microglia, oligodendrocytes, and neurons during development.
[Nature Neuroscience]
Hughes, A. N., & Appel, B. (2020). Microglia phagocytose myelin sheaths to modify developmental myelination. Nature Neuroscience, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41593-020-0654-2 Cite
Abstract

Continue reading “Microglia Phagocytose Myelin Sheaths to Modify Developmental Myelination”

Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share
Share