Dihydroxystilbenes Prevent Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colon Cancer by Inhibiting Colon Cytokines, a Chemokine, and Programmed Cell Death-1 in C57BL/6J Mice

The three dihydroxystilbenes in this study inhibited colon carcinogenesis and tumor growth as well as increases in colon IL-1β, IL-6, MCP-1, and PD-1 levels in AOM/DDS-treated mice in vivo. The three dihydroxystilbenes also suppressed COX-2 expression in colon tumors in vivo and inhibited PD-1 elevations in M2-THP-1 macrophages in vitro.
[European Journal of Pharmacology]
Kimura, Y., Sumiyoshi, M., Kiyoi, T., & Baba, K. (2020). Dihydroxystilbenes prevent azoxymethane/dextran sulfate sodium-induced colon cancer by inhibiting colon cytokines, a chemokine, and programmed cell death-1 in C57BL/6J mice. European Journal of Pharmacology, 173445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2020.173445 Cite
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NF-κB-Dependent miR-31/155 Biogenesis Is Essential for TNF-α-Induced Impairment of Endothelial Progenitor Cell Function

Researchers found increases in TNF-α and miR-31/155 levels and reduced numbers of circulating endothelial progenitor cells in patients with preeclampsia.
[Experimental and Molecular Medicine]
Kim, J.-H., Kim, J.-Y., Park, M., Kim, S., Kim, T., Kim, J., Choi, S., Park, W., Hwang, J. Y., Choe, J., Ha, K.-S., Won, M.-H., Ryoo, S., Kwon, Y.-G., & Kim, Y.-M. (2020). NF-κB-dependent miR-31/155 biogenesis is essential for TNF-α-induced impairment of endothelial progenitor cell function. Experimental & Molecular Medicine, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1038/s12276-020-0478-x Cite
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Human Umbilical Cord-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Prevent the Progression of Early Diabetic Nephropathy through Inhibiting Inflammation and Fibrosis

Scientists identified the basic biological properties and examined the multilineage differentiation potential of umbilical cord-MSCs.
[Stem Cell Research & Therapy]
Xiang, E., Han, B., Zhang, Q., Rao, W., Wang, Z., Chang, C., Zhang, Y., Tu, C., Li, C., & Wu, D. (2020). Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells prevent the progression of early diabetic nephropathy through inhibiting inflammation and fibrosis. Stem Cell Research & Therapy, 11(1), 336. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13287-020-01852-y Cite
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Dental Follicle Stem Cells Rescue the Regenerative Capacity of Inflamed Rat Dental Pulp through a Paracrine Pathway

Researchers focused on the paracrine effects of rat dental follicle stem cells (DFSCs) on the inflammation and regeneration of rat injured dental pulp to detect whether DFSCs are a potential candidate for mesenchymal stem cell-based minimally invasive vital pulp therapy.
[Stem Cell Research & Therapy]
Hong, H., Chen, X., Li, K., Wang, N., Li, M., Yang, B., Yu, X., & Wei, X. (2020). Dental follicle stem cells rescue the regenerative capacity of inflamed rat dental pulp through a paracrine pathway. Stem Cell Research & Therapy, 11(1), 333. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13287-020-01841-1 Cite
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Aesculetin Attenuates Alveolar Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Close Contact of Alveolar Epithelial Cells with Blood-Derived Macrophages via IL-8 Signaling

Human alveolar epithelial A549 cells were cultured for 24 hours in conditioned media of THP-1 monocyte-derived macrophages with 1–20 μM aesculetin.
[International Journal of Molecular Sciences]
Oh, S. Y., Kim, Y.-H., Kang, M.-K., Lee, E.-J., Kim, D. Y., Oh, H., Kim, S.-I., Na, W., & Kang, Y.-H. (2020). Aesculetin Attenuates Alveolar Injury and Fibrosis Induced by Close Contact of Alveolar Epithelial Cells with Blood-Derived Macrophages via IL-8 Signaling. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21(15), 5518. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21155518 Cite
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Single-Cell Atlas of Colonic CD8+ T Cells in Ulcerative Colitis

Scientists compiled an unbiased atlas of human colonic CD8+ T cells in health and ulcerative colitis using single-cell transcriptomics with T-cell receptor repertoire analysis and mass cytometry.
[Nature Medicine]
Corridoni, D., Antanaviciute, A., Gupta, T., Fawkner-Corbett, D., Aulicino, A., Jagielowicz, M., Parikh, K., Repapi, E., Taylor, S., Ishikawa, D., Hatano, R., Yamada, T., Xin, W., Slawinski, H., Bowden, R., Napolitani, G., Brain, O., Morimoto, C., Koohy, H., & Simmons, A. (2020). Single-cell atlas of colonic CD8 + T cells in ulcerative colitis. Nature Medicine, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-1003-4 Cite
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Development of a Miniaturized 96-Transwell Air–Liquid Interface Human Amall Airway Epithelial Model

A 96-well microplate system was developed where primary human small airway epithelial cells were cultured at an air–liquid interface (ALI). After four weeks of ALI culture, a pseudostratified epithelium containing basal, club, goblet and ciliated cells was produced.
[Scientific Reports]
Bluhmki, T., Bitzer, S., Gindele, J. A., Schruf, E., Kiechle, T., Webster, M., Schymeinsky, J., Ries, R., Gantner, F., Bischoff, D., Garnett, J., & Heilker, R. (2020). Development of a miniaturized 96-Transwell air–liquid interface human small airway epithelial model. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 13022. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-69948-2 Cite
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Comparative Study between Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Etanercept as Immunomodulatory Agents in Rat Model of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Adipose tissue mesenchymal stem cells were able to delay the onset of collagen-induced arthritis, suppress the ongoing clinical and histopathological signs, decrease serum levels of TNF-α and anti-collagen type II, and downregulate the autoreactive T cells as etanercept.
[Immunologic Research]
El-Gendy, H., Hawass, S. E.-D., Awad, M., Mohsen, M. A., Amin, M., Abdalla, H. A., Fouad, S., & Lotfy, A. (2020). Comparative study between human mesenchymal stem cells and etanercept as immunomodulatory agents in rat model of rheumatoid arthritis. Immunologic Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12026-020-09132-w Cite
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TNF-α Controls Lipocalin-2 Expression in PC-3 Prostate Cancer Cells

Researchers showed for the first time that LCN2 mRNA and protein expression were strongly inducible by TNF-α in the highly metastatic human PCa cell line PC-3.
[Cytokine]
Schröder, S. K., Asimakopoulou, A., Tillmann, S., Koschmieder, S., & Weiskirchen, R. (2020). TNF-α controls Lipocalin-2 expression in PC-3 prostate cancer cells. Cytokine, 135, 155214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2020.155214 Cite
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Intrathecal Administration of the Extracellular Vesicles Derived from Human Wharton’s Jelly Stem Cells Inhibit Inflammation and Attenuate the Activity of Inflammasome Complexes after Spinal Cord Injury in Rats

Scientists investigated immunomodulatory potential of human Wharton’s jelly mesenchymal stem cells derived extracellular vesicles on inflammasome activity one week after spinal cord injury in rats.
[Neuroscience Research]
Noori, L., Arabzadeh, S., Mohamadi, Y., Mojaverrostami, S., Mokhtari, T., Akbari, M., & Hassanzadeh, G. (2020). Intrathecal administration of the extracellular vesicles derived from human Wharton’s jelly stem cells inhibit inflammation and attenuate the activity of inflammasome complexes after spinal cord injury in rats. Neuroscience Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neures.2020.07.011 Cite
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Targeting QKI-7 In Vivo Restores Endothelial Cell Function in Diabete

QKI-7 is highly expressed in human coronary arterial endothelial cells from diabetic donors, and on blood vessels from diabetic critical limb ischemia patients undergoing a lower-limb amputation.
[Nature Communications]
Yang, C., Eleftheriadou, M., Kelaini, S., Morrison, T., González, M. V., Caines, R., Edwards, N., Yacoub, A., Edgar, K., Moez, A., Ivetic, A., Zampetaki, A., Zeng, L., Wilkinson, F. L., Lois, N., Stitt, A. W., Grieve, D. J., & Margariti, A. (2020). Targeting QKI-7 in vivo restores endothelial cell function in diabetes. Nature Communications, 11(1), 3812. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-17468-y Cite
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Macrophage Exosomes Resolve Atherosclerosis by Regulating Hematopoiesis and Inflammation via MicroRNA Cargo

Scientists showed that exosomes produced by naive bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) contained anti-inflammatory microRNA-99a/146b/378a that were further increased in exosomes produced by BMDM polarized with IL-4.
[Cell Reports]
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