RON Signaling Promotes Therapeutic Resistance in ESR1 Mutant Breast Cancer

Scientists performed a proteomic kinome analysis in ESR1 Y537S mutant cells to identify hyperactivated kinases in ESR1 mutant cells. They validated Recepteur d’Origine Nantais (RON) and PI3K hyperactivity through phospho-immunoblot analysis, organoid growth assays, and in an in vivo patient-derived xenograft metastatic model.
[British Journal of Cancer]
Dustin, D., Gu, G., Beyer, A. R., Herzog, S. K., Edwards, D. G., Lin, H., Gonzalez, T. L., Grimm, S. L., Coarfa, C., Chan, D. W., Kim, B.-J., De La O, J.-P., Ellis, M. J., Liu, D., Li, S., Welm, A. L., & Fuqua, S. A. W. (2020). RON signalling promotes therapeutic resistance in ESR1 mutant breast cancer. British Journal of Cancer, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-020-01174-z Cite
AbstractGraphical Abstract
Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Nitric Oxide-Targeted Therapy Inhibits Stemness and Increases the Efficacy of Tamoxifen in Estrogen Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer Cells

Researchers explored whether targeting nitric oxide in estrogen positive breast cancer cells impacts cancer stem cell subpopulation and sensitivity to hormonal therapy with tamoxifen.
[Laboratory Investigation]
López-Sánchez, L. M., Mena, R., Guil-Luna, S., Mantrana, A., Peñarando, J., Toledano-Fonseca, M., Conde, F., De la Haba-Rodríguez, J. R., Aranda, E., & Rodríguez-Ariza, A. (2020). Nitric oxide-targeted therapy inhibits stemness and increases the efficacy of tamoxifen in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cells. Laboratory Investigation, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41374-020-00507-z Cite
Abstract
Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Gap Junctions Amplify Spatial Variations in Cell Volume in Proliferating Tumor Spheroids

Investigators identified that ion flow through gap junctions promoted peripheral cell swelling in loaded breast cancer model.
[Nature Communications]
McEvoy, E., Han, Y. L., Guo, M., & Shenoy, V. B. (2020). Gap junctions amplify spatial variations in cell volume in proliferating tumor spheroids. Nature Communications, 11(1), 6148. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19904-5 Cite
Full Article
Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

The ZNF750–RAC1 Axis as Potential Prognostic Factor for Breast Cancer

Reseachers showed that ZNF750 negatively regulates cell migration and invasion in breast cancer cells; in particular, ZNF750 binds and recruits KDM1A and HDAC1 on the LAMB3 and CTNNAL1 promoters.
[Cell Death Discovery]
Butera, A., Cassandri, M., Rugolo, F., Agostini, M., & Melino, G. (2020). The ZNF750–RAC1 axis as potential prognostic factor for breast cancer. Cell Death Discovery, 6(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41420-020-00371-2 Cite
Full Article
Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Treatment Strategies for Breast Cancer Brain Metastases

The authors provide an overview of the therapeutic option for brain metastases from breast cancer that is currently available and outlines potential new approaches for tackling these deadly secondary tumors.
[British Journal of Cancer]
Olah, M., Menon, V., Habib, N., Taga, M. F., Ma, Y., Yung, C. J., Cimpean, M., Khairallah, A., Coronas-Samano, G., Sankowski, R., Grün, D., Kroshilina, A. A., Dionne, D., Sarkis, R. A., Cosgrove, G. R., Helgager, J., Golden, J. A., Pennell, P. B., Prinz, M., … De Jager, P. L. (2020). Single cell RNA sequencing of human microglia uncovers a subset associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Nature Communications, 11(1), 6129. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19737-2 Cite
Abstract
Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

ppGalNAc-T4-Catalyzed O-Glycosylation of TGF-β Type Ⅱ Receptor Regulates Breast Cancer Cells Metastasis

The role of one isoform, ppGalNAc-T4, in breast cancer cell lines was investigated. The expression of ppGalNAc-T4 was found to be negatively associated with migration of breast cancer cells.
[Journal of Biological Chemistry]
Wu, Q., Zhang, C., Zhang, K., Chen, Q., Wu, S., Huang, H., Huang, T., Zhang, N., Wang, X., Li, W., Liu, Y., & Zhang, J. (2020). ppGalNAc-T4-catalyzed O-Glycosylation of TGF-β type Ⅱ receptor regulates breast cancer cells metastasis. Journal of Biological Chemistry, jbc.RA120.016345. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA120.016345 Cite
Abstract
Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

In Silico and In Vitro Studies on the Anti-Cancer Activity of Andrographolide Targeting Survivin in Human Breast Cancer Stem Cells

Human CD24/CD44+ breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) were treated with andrographolide in vitro for 24 hours. The cytotoxic effect of andrographolide on BCSCs was compared to that on human mesenchymal stem cells.
[PLoS One]
Wanandi, S. I., Limanto, A., Yunita, E., Syahrani, R. A., Louisa, M., Wibowo, A. E., & Arumsari, S. (2020). In silico and in vitro studies on the anti-cancer activity of andrographolide targeting survivin in human breast cancer stem cells. PLOS ONE, 15(11), e0240020. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0240020 Cite
Full Article
Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

EMT Transcription Factor ZEB1 Represses the Mutagenic POLθ-Mediated End-Joining Pathway in Breast Cancers

Scientists combined a bioinformatics approach exploring both METABRIC and TCGA databases with CRISPR/Cas9-mediated depletion of the zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) in claudin-low tumor cells or forced expression of ZEB1 in basal-like tumor cells, two TNBC subtypes, to demonstrate that ZEB1 represses DNA polymerase theta (POLθ) expression.
[Cancer Research]
Prodhomme, M. K., Pommier, R. M., Franchet, C., Fauvet, F., Bergoglio, V., Brousset, P., Morel, A.-P., Brunac, A.-C., Devouassoux-Shisheboran, M., Petrilli, V., Moyret-Lalle, C., Hoffmann, J.-S., Puisieux, A., & Tissier, A. (2020). EMT transcription factor ZEB1 represses the mutagenic POLθ-mediated end-joining pathway in breast cancers. Cancer Research. https://doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-20-2626 Cite
Abstract
Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Secreted Sphingomyelins Modulate Low Mammary Cancer Incidence Observed in Certain Mammals

Researchers described a novel cancer-suppressing mechanism, via the secretion of bioactive factors by mammary cells, that was present in domesticated mammals with a low mammary cancer incidence.
[Scientific Reports]
Ledet, M. M., Harman, R. M., Fan, J. C., Schmitt-Matzen, E., Diaz-Rubio, M. E., Zhang, S., & Van de Walle, G. R. (2020). Secreted sphingomyelins modulate low mammary cancer incidence observed in certain mammals. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 20580. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-77639-1 Cite
Full Article
Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

Effects of Obesity on NK Cells in a Mouse Model of Postmenopausal Breast Cancer

The authors analyzed natural killer (NK) cells and NK cell receptor expression of obese mice in a model for postmenopausal breast cancer. Ovaries were ectomized and a syngeneic and orthotopical injection of 4T1-luc2 mouse mammary tumor cells into the mammary adipose tissue pad was performed.
[Scientific Reports]
Spielmann, J., Mattheis, L., Jung, J.-S., Rauße, H., Glaß, M., Bähr, I., Quandt, D., Oswald, J., & Kielstein, H. (2020). Effects of obesity on NK cells in a mouse model of postmenopausal breast cancer. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 20606. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-76906-5 Cite
Full Article
Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share

The Lingering Mysteries of Metastatic Recurrence in Breast Cancer

Investigators provide an overview of the known key factors that influence metastatic recurrence, with the goal of highlighting the critical unanswered questions that still need to be addressed to make a difference in the mortality of breast cancer patients.
[British Journal of Cancer]
Riggio, A. I., Varley, K. E., & Welm, A. L. (2020). The lingering mysteries of metastatic recurrence in breast cancer. British Journal of Cancer, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41416-020-01161-4 Cite
Full Article
Bookmark

No account yet? Register

0
Share
Share