Glucose absorption and channel expression were examined in mouse upper jejunal epithelium by Ussing chamber study and immunocytochemistry, respectively. Ca2+ and Na+ imaging was also performed in single intestinal epithelial cells.
[British Journal of Pharmacology]
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Molecular Mechanisms of Calcium‐mediated Small Intestinal Glucose and Sodium Absorption through the CICR and the SOCE - Zhang - - British Journal of Pharmacology - Wiley Online Library. (n.d.). Retrieved October 23, 2020, from https://bpspubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bph.15287 Cite
Cholestatic liver fibrosis rats transplanted into rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells with knocked down Numb gene were treated with Huang Qi Decoction.
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Hepatic stem cell Numb gene is a potential target of Huang Qi Decoction against cholestatic liver fibrosis | Scientific Reports. (n.d.). Retrieved October 19, 2020, from https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-74324-1 Cite
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) could repress the PDGF-bb-induced excessive proliferation and migration of human umbilical vein smooth muscle cells, which was mediated by Rb-E2F dependent cell cycle inhibition.
[Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy]
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Yu, Y., Wang, Y., Fei, X., Song, Z., Xie, F., Yang, F., Liu, X., Xu, Z., & Wang, G. (2020). All-Trans Retinoic Acid Prevented Vein Grafts Stenosis by Inhibiting Rb-E2F Mediated Cell Cycle Progression and KLF5-RARα Interaction in Human Vein Smooth Muscle Cells. Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10557-020-07089-4 Cite
The authors consider the biomolecular role for the vitamin D/Vitamin D receptor (VDR) axis in myogenesis, while also exploring global evidence for genomic and non‐genomic mechanisms of action for 1,25(OH)2D3/VDR.
[Cell Biochemistry and Function]
Investigators evaluated alterations in the colon mucus layer in 2‐, 16‐, and 24‐month‐old mice and aged humans. Aged colons showed defective intestinal mucosal barrier and changed mucus properties. The miR‐124‐3p expression level was significantly increased in the aged distal colonic mucosa, which was accompanied by an increase in pathogens and bacterial translocation. Meanwhile, T‐synthase, the rate‐limiting enzyme in O‐glycosylation, displayed an age‐related decline in protein expression.
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Cholestatic liver fibrosis rats transplanted into rat bone marrow-derived MSCs with knocked down Numb gene were treated with Huang Qi Decoction (HQD). Simultaneously, Numb gene knockdown was also performed in the WB-F344 cell line and then treated with refined HQD .
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Researchers found that decreased tyrosine-protein phosphatase nonreceptor type 13 (PTPN13) expression was associated with hepatitis B virus/hepatitis B x protein. Patients with low PTPN13 expression showed a poor prognosis. Functional assays revealed that PTPN13 inhibited proliferation and tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo.
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Yan, Y., Huang, P., Mao, K., He, C., Xu, Q., Zhang, M., Liu, H., Zhou, Z., Zhou, Q., Zhou, Q., Ou, B., Liu, Q., Lin, J., Chen, R., Wang, J., Zhang, J., & Xiao, Z. (2020). Anti-oncogene PTPN13 inactivation by hepatitis B virus X protein counteracts IGF2BP1 to promote hepatocellular carcinoma progression. Oncogene, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41388-020-01498-3 Cite
The authors report that deleting Pinch1 in limb MSCs and Pinch2 globally (double knockout) in mice caused severe chondrodysplasia, while single mutant mice did not display marked defects.
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Investigators generated a mouse model with pancreas-specific deletion of PKD3, the predominant PKD isoform in mouse pancreatic acinar cells, by crossing Pkd3flox/flox mice with Pdx1-Cre transgenic mice which express Cre recombinase under the control of the mouse Pdx1 promoter.
[Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-Molecular Basis of Disease]
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Yuan, J., Chheda, C., Piplani, H., Geng, M., Tan, G., Thakur, R., & Pandol, S. J. (2020). Pancreas-specific deletion of protein kinase D attenuates inflammation, necrosis, and severity of acute pancreatitis. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease, 165987. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbadis.2020.165987 Cite
Investigators presented a strategy for determining the labeling efficiency of quantum dot labeling of HER2 in overexpressing breast cancer cells.
In vitro and in vivo functional analyses showed that B7-H3 enhanced resistance against irradiation in colorectal cancer cells by upregulating KIF15 expression via NF-κB, which activated ERK1/2 signaling, a key pathway involved in radioresistance in cancers.
[Cell Death & Disease]
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B7-H3 regulates KIF15-activated ERK1/2 pathway and contributes to radioresistance in colorectal cancer | Cell Death & Disease. (n.d.). Retrieved October 6, 2020, from https://www.nature.com/articles/s41419-020-03041-4 Cite