A lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA Network for Human Primed, Naive and Extended Pluripotent Stem Cells

Researchers successfully converted three in-house-derived primed human PSC lines (H10, H24, and iPS) to a naive state and an expanded pluripotent stem cell (EPS) state. Primed, naive and EPS cells displayed state-specific morphologies and expressed pluripotent markers.
[PLoS One]
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Critical Roles of Translation Initiation and RNA Uridylation in Endogenous Retroviral Expression and Neural Differentiation in Pluripotent Stem Cells

Scientists generated a conditional knockout of NAT1 in primed pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) and used the cells for the functional analyses of NAT1. Their results showed that NAT1 was required for the self-renewal and neural differentiation of primed PSCs.
[Cell Reports]
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Cryopreserved Human Oocytes and Cord Blood Cells Can Produce Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer-Derived Pluripotent Stem Cells with a Homozygous HLA Type

Researchers applied a modified derivation method to the PSC line and first obtained human somatic cell nuclear transfer-PSC lines derived from both donated cryopreserved oocytes and cord blood cells with a homozygous human leukocyte antigen type.
[Stem Cell Reports]
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Variable Outcomes in Neural Differentiation of Human PSCs Arise from Intrinsic Differences in Developmental Signaling Pathways

The authors focused on a well-established differentiation process to cerebral cortex neural progenitor cells and their neuronal progeny from human PSCs.
[Cell Reports]
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R-Loops Coordinate with SOX2 in Regulating Reprogramming to Pluripotency

Investigators profiled R-loops during somatic cell reprogramming and found that dynamic changes in R-loops are essential for reprogramming and occurred before changes in gene expression.
[Genetics]
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An In Vitro Model of Early Anteroposterior Organization during Human Development

The authors showed that human ESCs can be used to generate gastruloids—three-dimensional multicellular aggregates that differentiate to form derivatives of the three germ layers organized spatiotemporally, without additional extra-embryonic tissues.
[Nature]
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Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Line Banking for the Production of Rare Blood Type Erythrocytes

Mononuclear cells separated from the peripheral blood of O D-positive and rare blood type donors were cultured to produce and expand erythroid progenitors and reprogrammed into iPSCs. A 31-day serum-free, xeno-free erythroid differentiation protocol was used to generate reticulocytes.
[Journal of Translational Medicine]
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AAV-Mediated FOXG1 Gene Editing in Human Rett Primary Cells

Investigators demonstrated that an adeno-associated viruses-coupled CRISPR/Cas9 system was able to target and correct Forkhead Box G1 (FOXG1) variants in patient-derived fibroblasts, iPSCs and iPSC-derived neurons.
[European Journal of Human Genetics]
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Impact of α-Synuclein Pathology on Transplanted hESC-Derived Dopaminergic Neurons in a Humanized α-Synuclein Rat Model of PD

Researchers established a humanized transplantation model of Parkinson’s disease that better recapitulates the main disease features, obtained by coinjection of preformed human α-synuclein (α-syn) fibrils and adeno-associated virus expressing human wild-type α-syn unilaterally into the rat substantia nigra.
[Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America]
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Human MuStem Cell Grafting into Infarcted Rat Heart Attenuates Adverse Tissue Remodeling and Preserves Cardiac Function hMuStem Cells Preserve Function of Infarcted Heart

In Dog and Human, the authors described a type of muscle-derived stem cells termed MuStem cells that efficiently promoted repair of injured skeletal muscle. Enhanced survival rate, long-term engraftment, and participation in muscle fiber formation were reported, leading to persistent tissue remodeling and clinical benefits.
[Molecular Therapy-Methods & Clinical Development]

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MicroRNA-181c-5p Promotes the Formation of Insulin-Producing Cells from Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells by Targeting smad7 and TGIF2

Investigators differentiated human induced pluripotent stem cells into insulin-producing cells in a stepwise process that recapitulated pancreas organogenesis and observed that miR-181c-5p continuously accumulated throughout the entire differentiation process.
[Cell Death & Disease]
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