Improved Pharmacodynamics of Epidermal Growth Factor via Microneedles-Based Self-powered Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation

Researchers demonstrated that the electrical stimulation applied by the microneedle-based self-powered transcutaneous electrical stimulation system acted as an “adjuvant” that suppressed the reduction of epidermal growth factor by glutathione and upregulated its receptor expression in keratinocyte cells.
[Nature Communications]
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