Immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry were performed to detect the characteristics of sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin 10high (Siglec-10hi) tumor-associated macrophages and explore their impact on the tumor microenvironment of hepatocellular carcinoma.
[Experimental Hematology & Oncology]
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Xiao, N., Zhu, X., Li, K., Chen, Y., Liu, X., Xu, B., Lei, M., Xu, J., & Sun, H.-C. (2021). Blocking siglec-10hi tumor-associated macrophages improves anti-tumor immunity and enhances immunotherapy for hepatocellular carcinoma. Experimental Hematology & Oncology, 10(1), 36. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40164-021-00230-5 Cite
Scientists conducted dual tumor and T-cell imaging by use of a bioluminescent reporter and positron emission tomography in clinically relevant mouse models of pleural mesothelioma and non-small cell lung cancer.
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Skovgard, M. S., Hocine, H. R., Saini, J. K., Moroz, M., Bellis, R. Y., Banerjee, S., Morello, A., Ponomarev, V., Villena-Vargas, J., & Adusumilli, P. S. (2021). Imaging CAR T-Cell Kinetics in Solid Tumors: Translational Implications. Molecular Therapy - Oncolytics, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.omto.2021.06.006 Cite
The authors examined the potency and functionality of both female and male adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells in order to gain further insights into donor selection.
Scientists discuss the progress made in induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC)-derived T cells and provides a roadmap for the development of CAR iPSC-derived T cells and off-the-shelf T-iPSCs.
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Sadeqi Nezhad, M., Abdollahpour-Alitappeh, M., Rezaei, B., Yazdanifar, M., & Seifalian, A. M. (2021). Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs) Provide a Potentially Unlimited T Cell Source for CAR-T Cell Development and Off-the-Shelf Products. Pharmaceutical Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11095-021-03067-z Cite
IL1β priming Tonsil-derived MSCs had an enhanced osteogenic differentiation and secreted factors that regulate both osteoclastogenesis and osteoblastogenesis.
[Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine]
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Investigators analyzed tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and immune checkpoint molecules in soft tissue sarcomas, and assessed their prognostic impact regarding local recurrence, distant metastasis, and overall survival.
[British Journal of Cancer]
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Scientists reported results from a phase I/II clinical trial in which six metastatic HLA-A2 melanoma patients received autologous antigen-specific T-cells produced from peripheral blood mononuclear cells, after peptide stimulation in vitro, followed by sorting with HLA-peptide multimers and amplification.
[Cancer Immunology Immunotherapy]
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Dréno, B., Khammari, A., Fortun, A., Vignard, V., Saiagh, S., Beauvais, T., Jouand, N., Bercegay, S., Simon, S., Lang, F., & Labarrière, N. (2021). Phase I/II clinical trial of adoptive cell transfer of sorted specific T cells for metastatic melanoma patients. Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00262-021-02961-0 Cite
Scientists summarize the key findings on TCF1 across the fields of T cell immunity and reflect on the possibility of exploring TCF1 and its downstream transcriptional programmes as therapeutic targets for improving antiviral and antitumour immunity.
[Nature Reviews Immunology]
MGCP, in contrast to previously identified microbial cell surface polysaccharides, through a Dectin1-Cox2 signaling axis in dendritic cells, facilitates regulatory T cell induction from naïve T cells.
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Lee, C., Verma, R., Byun, S., Jeun, E.-J., Kim, G.-C., Lee, S., Kang, H.-J., Kim, C. J., Sharma, G., Lahiri, A., Paul, S., Kim, K. S., Hwang, D. S., Iwakura, Y., Speciale, I., Molinaro, A., De Castro, C., Rudra, D., & Im, S.-H. (2021). Structural specificities of cell surface β-glucan polysaccharides determine commensal yeast mediated immuno-modulatory activities. Nature Communications, 12(1), 3611. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-23929-9 Cite
Scientists employed the sex-mismatched murine aortic graft model of graft arteriopathy in wild type and inducible smooth muscle-specific Tet2 knockout mice, and in vitro studies in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to assess the role of TET2 in VSMC responses to IFNу, a cytokine elaborated by T cells that drives coronary allograft vasculopathy progression.
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The authors showed that metastatic disease in the pleural and peritoneal cavities is associated with poor clinical outcomes after immune checkpoint blockade therapy.
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Chow, A., Schad, S., Green, M. D., Hellmann, M. D., Allaj, V., Ceglia, N., Zago, G., Shah, N. S., Sharma, S. K., Mattar, M., Chan, J., Rizvi, H., Zhong, H., Liu, C., Bykov, Y., Zamarin, D., Shi, H., Budhu, S., Wohlhieter, C., … Merghoub, T. (2021). Tim-4+ cavity-resident macrophages impair anti-tumor CD8+ T cell immunity. Cancer Cell, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccell.2021.05.006 Cite