Researchers found that selective antagonists of 5-HT5A reduced the frequency of tumorsphere initiating cells residing in breast tumor cell lines and those of patient-derived xenografts that they established.
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Gwynne, W. D., Shakeel, M. S., Girgis-Gabardo, A., Kim, K. H., Ford, E., Dvorkin-Gheva, A., Aarts, C., Isaac, M., Al-awar, R., & Hassell, J. A. (2020). Antagonists of the serotonin receptor 5A target human breast tumor initiating cells. BMC Cancer, 20(1), 724. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-07193-6 Cite
Keeping the surface availability of the biliary transporter Mrp2 is a cell biological process that may underlie the observation that PI3Kγ loss-of-function protects from hepatic excretory dysfunction during early sepsis
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Beer, A. J., Hertz, D., Seemann, E., Beretta, M., Westermann, M., Bauer, R., Bauer, M., Kessels, M. M., & Qualmann, B. (2020). Reduced Mrp2 surface availability as PI3Kγ-mediated hepatocytic dysfunction reflecting a hallmark of cholestasis in sepsis. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 13110. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-69901-3 Cite
Scientists determined the effects of grape antioxidants quercetin and/or resveratrol against prostate cancer in the transgenic adenocarcinoma of mouse prostate (TRAMP)-model in prevention and intervention settings.
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Investigators showed that the protein kinase D inhibitor CID755673 was able to maintain the undifferentiated state of mouse ESCs in combination with the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitor.
The authors investigated the ability of novel anti‐cancer agents, Dp44mT and DpC, to overcome androgen resistance. The effect of Dp44mT and DpC on androgen‐dependent and independent androgen receptor signaling was assessed in androgen‐dependent and ‐independent prostate cancer cells using 2D‐ and 3D‐tissue culture.
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Smurf1 promotes cell growth and colony formation by accelerating cell cycle and aberrant signaling pathways. In addition, the authors showed that Smurf1 ubiquitylates and degrades phosphatase and tensin homolog.
Investigators demonstrated that progesterone receptor membrane component 1 played a prominent role in regulating the growth of cancer cells by altering the PI3K/AKT/mTOR and EGFR signalling mechanisms in both ER-positive and TNBC cells.
[British Journal of Cancer]
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The authors found that breast cancer cells acquired alkaline phosphatase enzyme activity via placental alkaline phosphatase expression and suggested that breast calcification formation was closely associated with the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway.
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PIK3CA (H1047R) Activating Mutation and Enhanced Activity of PI3K/AKT Pathway were Detected in Macrodactylous Adipose-Derived Stem Cells (Mac-ADSCs).
[Cell Death & Disease]
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Using in vitro experiments, investigators found that anlotinib had significant effects on proliferation inhibition, migration and invasion restraint, and cell-cycle arrestment in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
[Cell Death & Disease]
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Song, F., Hu, B., Cheng, J.-W., Sun, Y.-F., Zhou, K.-Q., Wang, P.-X., Guo, W., Zhou, J., Fan, J., Chen, Z., & Yang, X.-R. (2020). Anlotinib suppresses tumor progression via blocking the VEGFR2/PI3K/AKT cascade in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Cell Death & Disease, 11(7), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41419-020-02749-7 Cite
The authors summarize the latest advances in the understanding of PI3K/AKT/SOX2-driven stemness and its intertwined relations to p53-signaling in DNA damage response under conditions of pluripotency, reprogramming, and transformation.
[International Journal of Molecular Sciences]
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Investigators demonstrated that while PRDM15 was largely dispensable for mouse adult somatic cell homeostasis in vivo, it played a critical role in B-cell lymphomagenesis.
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